HISTORICAL AND TOURISTIC PLACES TO GO IN KAYSERI

Bazaar Area:
(Local Name: Kapali Çarsi) Compared to the covered bazaar in Istanbul, the Kapali Çarsi at Kayseri certainly looks provincial and yet it is a typical example of traditional Turkish basalt structures.

Kayseri's bazaar is primarily a shopping center for the local people. The best way to view the bazaar is from the Istanbul Caddesi. Opposite the Kursunlu Cami, an opening in the old city wall leads into the old town passing the daily yoghurt market which is certainly worth a visit. A few yards further on opposite the Pamuk Çesmesi stands an Ottoman caravanserai, which can be identified by the balls of sheep's wool hanging outside. Diagonally opposite next to a small mosque stands the main building of the traditional bazaar, which gives access to the domed square bedesten (late 18th century), the covered part of the bazaar.



Kultepe :
The famous Hittite hill settlement at Kültepe is to be found to the northeast of Kayseri near the village of Karahüyük as the most important Bronze Age site in Turkey. In the 19th and 18th century B.C. Karum became a trading colony for the Assyrians in Anatolia. In two of the four layers of ruins, 12,000 cuneiform scripts were found.

Erciyes Mountain:
Kayseri's famous volcanic peak ancient Ergaeus Mons dominates the foothills and plains. Reaching a height of 3,917m/12,847ft, it is the highest mountain in central Anatolia.

Doner Kumbet Mausoleum:
The appearance and origins of these tombs owe a great deal to the central Asian funeral tents in which the mummified body was left to lie in state for several months before it was interred. This richly decorated structure with a pointed roof was built in 1267 for the Seljuk princess Sah Cihan Hatun. The origin of the irksome inscription "Revolving Tomb" is unknown.
(Local Name: Honat Hatun Külliyesi) One of the most opulent complexes in Kayseri is the Hunat Hatun which lies to the northeast of the citadel. It consists of a mosque with a mausoleum of the founder, a medrese which now houses an ethnographical museum, a paupers' kitchen, a fountain and a bath, all decorated in grandest Seljuk style. Mahperi (Honat) Hatun built the complex in 1237 and was responsible for founding numerous caravanserais.

 

Cappadocia (Nevşehir) 1 hour 15 minutes away from Kayseri
One of the geological wonders of the world. Cappadocia is a high plateau in Central Turkey at an altitude of 3270 ft / 1000 m. It lies in a triangle formed by the three main towns of Kayseri, Nevsehir and Nigde.
The history of Cappadocia begins 60 million years ago with the eruption of 2 volcanos, covering the area with lava and tufa. In later periods rain and wind eroded the land and created unusual valleys, canyons and cones.
For many centuries Hittites, Assyrian Colonies, Greeks and Romans lived in the region. Cappadocia is also a very important region in early Christian History.
There are over 600 hundred rock-cut churches built by monks and hermits between the 4th and 11th centuries. In some of these, church walls have been decorated with wonderful frescoes depicting scenes from the Bible.



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